[citation needed] During this time, some of the Reddys carved out feudal principalities for themselves. [40], Reddys were the landed gentry known as the deshmukhs and part of the Nizam of Hyderabad's administration. They along with their private armies accompanied and supported the Vijayanagara army in the conquest of new territories. [20][21], During the Kakatiya period, Reddi, together with its variant Raddi, was used as a status title (gaurava-vachakamu). https://books.google.com/books?id=IUs1AQAAIAAJ, https://books.google.com/books?ei=lRgtTr75C8rorQfd7qz2Dw&ct=book-thumbnail&id=JiruAAAAIAAJ, https://books.google.com/books?id=PPXMdM0FShUC&pg=PA245, https://books.google.com/books?ei=7isSTpjDDInsrAfbz_SHBA, https://books.google.com/books?id=HQCvgavbQjgC&pg=PA131, https://books.google.com/books?id=OpxeaYQbGDMC&pg=80, https://books.google.com/books?ei=pRctTrjxL4fsrQe6l4SyDQ, https://books.google.com/books?id=4Ju6z8PbTuAC&pg=PA100, https://books.google.com/books?id=Kwnv3I6qIosC&pg=PA114, https://books.google.com/books?id=gE7udqBkACwC&pg=PA202, https://books.google.com/books?id=GNJHlFTPBT0C&pg=PA204, https://books.google.com/books?id=dP9tAAAAMAAJ, https://books.google.com/books?id=fNLYAAAAMAAJ, https://books.google.com/books?id=L-s8AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA26, https://books.google.com/books?id=aX-ZAEit4fgC, https://books.google.com/books?id=7RW6MrAiJ-0C&pg=PA176, https://books.google.com/books?id=tZ2jw_npdyoC&pg=PA77, https://books.google.com/books?id=SJI3jApnTI8C&pg=PA138, https://books.google.com/books?id=bTlMi4a6Ct8C&pg=PA172, https://books.google.com/books?id=wyRZ7nmItsEC&pg=PA10, Talbot, Pre-colonial India in Practice 2001, https://books.google.com/books?id=S_gHAQAAMAAJ, https://books.google.com/books?id=Y_9tAAAAMAAJ, https://books.google.com/books?id=-d9IAvFOUHsC&pg=PA100, https://books.google.com/books?ei=mK47TqWfItDxrQeV8J0f&ct=book-thumbnail&id=ZGZuAAAAMAAJ&dq=reddys+in+vijayanagara+period&q=reddy#search_anchor, https://books.google.com/books?ei=RF4YTs6tI4-vrAeg3L3JAQ, https://books.google.com/books?ei=KhVaTpD1Ic_HrQfYo-3QCg&ct=book-thumbnail&id=GagPAAAAMAAJ, https://books.google.com/books?id=Hc5jAAAAMAAJ, https://books.google.com/books?ei=QQkKTszVGoPevwPmhZGWAw, https://books.google.com/books?id=diYLAQAAIAAJ&dq=origin+of+reddi+kings&q=reddi#search_anchor, https://books.google.com/books?id=TPVq3ykHyH4C, https://books.google.com/books?id=_g9T8UoCeO4C&pg=PA215, https://books.google.com/books?id=_rwYAAAAIAAJ, https://books.google.com/books?id=dObxI9xahSYC&pg=PA105. Śrī. 14.Reddy Kapa. Raja Bahadur Venkatarama Reddy was the first Hindu to be made kotwal of Hyderabad as in the late 19th and early 20th century, during the Islamic rule of the Nizams, the powerful position of Kotwal was held only by Muslims. Several Reddys were noblemen in the court of Nizam Nawabs and held many high positions in the Nizam's administrative set up. Veerabhadra Reddy allied himself with Vijayanagara ruler Devaraya II and defeated Kapilendra. Historically, land-owning castes like the Reddys have belonged to the regal ruling classes and are analogous to the Kshatriyas of the Brahmanical society. [38] Reddys continued to be chieftains, village policemen and tax collectors in the Telangana region, throughout the Golkonda rule. Use census records and voter lists to see where families with the Reddy surname lived. Some Reddys were among the feudatories of Kakatiya ruler Pratapa Rudra. [18][19] This classification and the four-tier varna concept was never accepted by the ruling castes. [25] Reddy chiefs were appointed as generals and soldiers under the Kakatiyas. The Kapus or Reddis are the largest caste in the former Madras Presidency (which included most of southern India before the reorganization of the Indian states on linguistic lines). 15.Reddy kapu / Kapu. An unusually short lifespan might indicate that your Reddy ancestors lived in harsh conditions. [37] Reddys continued to be chieftains, village policemen and tax collectors in the Telangana region, throughout the Golkonda rule. [33] The Reddy poligars were appointed to render military services in times of war, collect revenue from the populace and pay to the royal treasury. [39]Template:Qn The Gadwal samsthanam situated in Mahbubnagar includes a fort built in 1710 CE by Raja Somtadari. Reddy (also transliterated as Raddi, Reddi, Reddiar, Reddappa, Reddy) is a caste that originated in India, predominantly settled in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Sat-shudras are also known as clean shudras, upper shudras, pure or high-caste shudras. There are 9,000 immigration records available for the last name Reddy. In south India, on the other hand, there existed only three distinguishable classes, the Brahmins, the non-Brahmins and the Dalits. In 1443 CE, determined to put an end to the aggressions of the Reddy kingdom, the Gajapati ruler Kapilendra of Kalinga formed an alliance with the Velamas and launched an attack on the Reddy kingdom. One of most prominent figures from the community during the British period is Uyyalawada Narasimha Reddy. The origin of the Reddy has been linked to the Rashtrakutas, although opinions vary. In 1941, communist leaders Raavi Narayana Reddy and Baddam Yella Reddy transformed the Andhra Mahasabha into an anti-Nizam united mass militant organisation and led an armed struggle against the Nizam's regime.[44]. Sat-shudras are also known as clean shudras, upper shudras, pure or high-caste shudras. 10.Namadarlu. The title broadly represented the category of village headmen irrespective of their hereditary background. The Kakatiya prince Prola I (c. 1052 to 1076) was referred to as "Prola Reddi" in an inscription. The chieftains exercised considerable autonomy in their respective provinces. Later, they united and became allies against their common archrivals—the Bahmani sultans and the Recherla Velamas of Rachakonda who had formed an alliance. Eṃ. Raja Bahadur Venkatarama Reddy was the first Hindu to be made kotwal of Hyderabad as in the late 19th and early 20th century, during the Islamic rule of the Nizams, the powerful position of Kotwal was held only by Muslims. [11][12][13][14], The dominant castes of south India, such as Reddys and Nairs, held a status in society analogous to the Kshatriyas and Vaishyas of the north with the difference that religion did not sanctify them,[4][15][16] i.e. Irish: reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Roidigh, a variant of Ó Rodaigh (see Roddy). The Reddy family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. [citation needed]. Either of these alternate theories might undermine the claim to a connection between them and the Reddys. [23][24] After the Kakatiyas became independent rulers in their own right, various subordinate chiefs under their rule are known to have used the title Reddi. Veerabhadra Reddy allied himself with Vijayanagara ruler Devaraya II and defeated Kapilendra. [23][24] After the Kakatiyas became independent rulers in their own right, various subordinate chiefs under their rule are known to have used the title Reddi. Reddy (also transliterated as Raddi, Reddi, Reddiar, Reddappa, Reddy) is a caste that originated in India, predominantly settled in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. [39], Reddys were the landed gentry known as the deshmukhs and part of the Nizam of Hyderabad's administration. Gadwal Samsthanam | Imperial Gazetteer of India, v.12, p.121. In 1840 there were 6 Reddy families living in New York. We would be thankful if you can give us the following information 1 Surname/ Family Name (Here don't say Reddy, it is a caste name, Ex: Bezawada, Nallari etc): 2 Gothram: 3 Village of Origin (pl trace from your elders where you originate, certainly may not be … Andhra Pradesh (India). Even after the introduction of the varna concept to south India, caste boundaries in south India were not as marked as in north India, where the four-tier varna system placed the priestly Brahmins on top followed by the Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras. Kind Attn of the Reddy brethren, A project is under way to collect and collate the Surname's and Gothrams of Reddy's of the world. [33], Later, Reddys became the military chieftains of the Vijayanagara rulers. After the death of Devaraya II in 1446 CE, he was succeeded by his son, Mallikarjuna Raya. There are 35,000 census records available for the last name Reddy. Immadi Venkata Reddy was recognised by the Golkonda sultan Abdullah Qutb Shah as a regular provider of military forces to the Golkonda armies. [26] Eventually, the Sultanate invaded Warangal and captured Pratapa Rudra in 1323. His uprising was one of the earlier rebellions against the British rule in India, as it was 10 years before the famous Indian Rebellion of 1857. Immadi Venkata Reddy was recognised by the Golkonda sultan Abdullah Qutb Shah as a regular provider of military forces to the Golkonda armies. In 1443 CE, determined to put an end to the aggressions of the Reddy kingdom, the Gajapati ruler Kapilendra of Kalinga formed an alliance with the Velamas and launched an attack on the Reddy kingdom. He was finally captured and hanged in 1847. This political alliance between Vijayanagara and the Reddy kingdom was cemented further by a matrimonial alliance. During this time, some of the Reddys carved out feudal principalities for themselves. Veerabhadra Reddy died in 1448 CE. [29] Initially, the two kingdoms were locked up in a territorial struggle for supremacy in the coastal region of Andhra. In the 16th century, the Pangal fort situated in Mahbubnagar district of Andhra Pradesh was ruled by Veera Krishna Reddy. [28] Initially, the two kingdoms were locked up in a territorial struggle for supremacy in the coastal region of Andhra. [citation needed], One of most prominent figures from the community during the British period is Uyyalawada Narasimha Reddy. They were feudal overlords and peasant proprietors. District Gazetteers Dept (1992). The Reddy feudatories fought against attacks from the Delhi sultanate and defended the region from coming under the Turkic rule. They are classified as a forward caste. Overwhelmed by difficulties at home, Mallikarjuna Raya recalled the Vijayanagara forces from Rajahmundry. Prominent among them were Ramakrishna Reddy, Pedda Venkata Reddy and Immadi Venkata Reddy. Some of the prominent Reddy zamindaris/samsthanams: Kammas and Reddys are politically dominant castes prior to the formation of Andhra Pradesh in 1956 and after. https://books.google.com/books?ei=I_4mToGSHoyvrAeKi5mHCQ&ct=book-thumbnail&id=5qBrAAAAMAAJ&dq=hindu+rulers+in+a+muslim+state&q=immadi+qutb+shah#search_anchor, https://books.google.com/books?id=6Q7EiZmcMPMC&pg=PA121, https://books.google.com/books?id=Kx1N6tyVXtwC&pg=PA96&dq=reddy+deshmukhs&hl=en&ei=N5gmTpD2KYPRrQfO3tnYDw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=book-thumbnail&resnum=1&ved=0CCsQ6wEwADgK#v=onepage&q=reddy%20deshmukhs&f=false, https://books.google.com/books?ei=ydMnTpHWFMKrrAeM6uCWCQ&ct=book-thumbnail&id=h45uAAAAMAAJ&dq=Raja+Bahadur+Venkata+Rama+Reddy&q=raja+bahadur+reddy#search_anchor, Raja Bahadur Venkatarama Reddy | Hyderabad Police online portal, https://books.google.com/books?id=TPjIh1G0TmcC&pg=PA12, https://books.google.com/books?id=qDJuAAAAMAAJ, https://books.google.com/books?id=dzduAAAAMAAJ, https://books.google.com/books?id=430nAMZz8LwC&pg=PA10&dq=reddi+kings&hl=en&ei=B3cUToaEE8LOrQfUlqSIBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=book-thumbnail&resnum=2&ved=0CDcQ6wEwAQ#v=onepage&q=reddi%20kings&f=false, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_vBvExh7-QY&feature=youtu.be, "Castes - Andhra (AP) Elections: News & Results", https://web.archive.org/web/20120104215109/http://www.andhraelections.in/castes, "Caste, Class and Social Articulation in Andhra Pradesh: Mapping Differential Regional Trajectories", http://www.odi.org.uk/resources/odi-publications/working-papers/179-caste-class-social-articulation-andhra-pradesh-india.pdf, https://books.google.com/books?id=pfAKljlCJq0C, https://familypedia.wikia.org/wiki/Reddy?oldid=1352255. Seizing this opportunity, Kapilendra sent an army under the leadership of his son Hamvira into the Reddy kingdom, took Rajahmundry and gained control of the Reddy kingdom. This constant warring between powerful feudal warlords for fiefdoms and power manifests itself even in modern-day Rayalaseema in the form of a brutally violent phenomenon termed as “factionalism”, "factional violence" or simply "faction". Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

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