[149] Used primarily by East or Southeast Asians for other East/Southeast Asians or Asian Americans who are perceived as assimilated into mainstream American culture. How Does A Monkey Adapted To The Rainforest? Banana trees are one of the common trees that come to mind when dreaming of the tropics, but did you know that it is not really a tree? From there it diffused into North Africa and Muslim Iberia. [117] Pisang goreng, bananas fried with batter similar to the Filipino maruya or Kerala pazhampori, is a popular dessert in Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia. Musa species are native to tropical Indomalaya and Australia, and are likely to have been first domesticated in Papua New Guinea. [16]) After fruiting, the pseudostem dies, but offshoots will normally have developed from the base, so that the plant as a whole is perennial. Raw bananas (not including the peel) are 75% water, 23% carbohydrates, 1% protein, and contain negligible fat. Plantains are used in various stews and curries or cooked, baked or mashed in much the same way as potatoes, such as the pazham pachadi dish prepared in Kerala. [143] In April 2014, during a match at Villarreal's stadium, El Madrigal, Dani Alves was targeted by Villareal supporter David Campaya Lleo, who threw a banana at him. [148], "Banana" is also a slur aimed at some asian people, that are said to be "yellow on the outside, white on the inside". Global Strategy for the Conservation and Use of, "Bananas! Also, use a loose, well-drained, very rich potting mix. [15] Each pseudostem normally produces a single inflorescence, also known as the "banana heart". As most cultivated varieties of bananas are either interspecific hybrids of Musa acuminata and M. balbisiana or hybrids of the subspecies of M. acuminata, a genome-based system has led to an overhaul of the nomenclature of domesticated bananas. The banana is grown in the tropics, and, though it is most widely consumed in those regions, it is valued worldwide for its flavour, nutritional value, and availability throughout the year. [69] The cultivars Dwarf Cavendish and Grand Nain (Chiquita Banana) gained popularity in the 1950s after the previous mass-produced cultivar, Gros Michel (also an AAA group cultivar), became commercially unviable due to Panama disease, caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum which attacks the roots of the banana plant. balbisiana.[35]. [29] The name may be derived from Antonius Musa, physician to the Emperor Augustus, or Linnaeus may have adapted the Arabic word for banana, mauz. It comes from the Arabic word ‘banan’ meaning finger. Cultivated varieties of this plant have very small, insignificant seeds. [3] In some countries, bananas used for cooking may be called "plantains", distinguishing them from dessert bananas. Banana Plant Rhizomes—Medicinal Uses and Means of Propagation. Indeed, a strain of Panama disease known as Tropical Race (TR) 4 has been a threat to the Cavendish since the 1990s, and many scientists worry that the Cavendish too will eventually go extinct. Both the skin and inner part can be eaten raw or cooked. In 2017, world production of bananas and plantains combined was 153 million tonnes, led by India and China with a combined total of 27% of global production. Each plant just produces one stem of bananas, holding up to 200 bananas. This traditional Japanese cloth-making process requires many steps, all performed by hand. [128], Now I don't think much of the man that throws a banana peelin' on the sidewalk, and I don't think much of the banana peel that throws a man on the sidewalk neither ... my foot hit the bananer peelin' and I went up in the air, and I come down ker-plunk, jist as I was pickin' myself up a little boy come runnin' across the street ... he says, "Oh mister, won't you please do that agin? in the family Musaceae. Diversity is also conserved in farmers' fields where continuous cultivation, adaptation and improvement of cultivars is often carried out by small-scale farmers growing traditional local cultivars.[105]. The Eden Project will temporarily close from 4pm, Wednesday 4 November, in line with the latest Government guidance. It can also refer to members of the genus Ensete, such as the snow banana (Ensete glaucum) and the economically important false banana (Ensete ventricosum). Their political maneuvers, which gave rise to the term Banana republic for states like Honduras and Guatemala, included working with local elites and their rivalries to influence politics or playing the international interests of the United States, especially during the Cold War, to keep the political climate favorable to their interests. Bananas are also commonly used in cuisine in the South-Indian state of Kerala, where they are steamed (puzhungiyathu), made into curries,[115] fried into chips, (upperi)[116] or fried in batter (pazhampori). The environment and the communities surrounding Rainforest Alliance Certified banana plantations benefit from both on-farm improvements and off-farm recognition, setting the pace for the rest of the banana sector. The stated differences are that plantains are more starchy and less sweet; they are eaten cooked rather than raw; they have thicker skin, which may be green, yellow or black; and they can be used at any stage of ripeness. Other zones will find that the smaller cultivars make great houseplants. In 1991, the Rainforest Alliance, along with local nonprofit organizations, scientists, and farmers established the first standards for responsible banana production. [141][142], Particularly in Europe, bananas have long been commonly thrown at black footballers by racist spectators. [74], A 2008 study reported that ripe bananas fluoresce when exposed to ultraviolet light. [54], A second wave of introductions later spread bananas to other parts of tropical Asia, particularly Indochina and the Indian Subcontinent. These late summer fruits begin to ripen the following March. Each purple-red bract curls, exposing the clusters of pistillate (female) flowers underneath. [103] Genes from wild banana species are conserved as DNA and as cryopreserved pollen[103] and banana seeds from wild species are also conserved, although less commonly, as they are difficult to regenerate. [10] The leaves of banana plants are composed of a "stalk" (petiole) and a blade (lamina). [22][26] The term "banana" is also used as the common name for the plants that produce the fruit. Individual banana fruits (commonly known as a banana or "finger") average 125 grams (4 1⁄2 oz), of which approximately 75% is water and 25% dry matter (nutrient table, lower right). Cornwall For much of its history, the banana industry was notorious for environmentally destructive and socially irresponsible farming practices. Collections of flowers (inflorescences) hanging (pendulous). Young banana fruits forming above the purple inflorescence. Answer (1 of 2): The banana tree adapts to the enviornment by simply drinking the water because it rains an average of 5o to 260 inches a year in the rainforest region. Guineos verdes (green bananas) that have not been gassed will never fully ripen before becoming rotten. There also may be neutered flowers. Helping American University Investigate Bananas Found Hanging From Nooses", "How the 'banana for scale' became the yardstick of the Internet", "Banana Peel Applied to the Solid Phase Extraction of Copper and Lead from River Water: Preconcentration of Metal Ions with a Fruit Waste", "Banana and Plantain: An Overview with Emphasis on Pacific Island Cultivars", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Banana&oldid=985503146, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from August 2020, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Taxobox articles possibly missing a taxonbar, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 09:40. As companies attempted to keep production high and costs low, they tended to cultivate only single crops in their plantations. These were cultivated by Papuans before the arrival of Austronesian-speakers. Were just friends, but i really like him, and I wanna see his reaction, while he's turnd on. After the fruit is removed, cut the main stem down to 2.5 feet. Adaptations can include such traits as narrow leaves, waxy surfaces, sharp spines and specialized root systems. For the genus to which banana plants belong, see.

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